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聖經警惕我們不要「貪愛」錢財（love of money，來十三 5）。當金錢不再是成全其他美善、具有意義的目的之媒介，而本身反倒成為了目的時，金錢便被愛慕、被高抬至一個「神」的地位，甚至主宰了你我的人生。主耶穌絕少將一些事物神化，但談及「瑪門」（即財富）時卻說：「你們不能又事奉神，又事奉瑪門。」（太六 24）聖經也不斷強調「貪婪與拜偶像一樣」（西三 5；弗五 5），這就是為何聖經會說：「貪財是萬惡之根。有人貪戀錢財，就被引誘離了真道……」（提前六 10）人生命中許多美善的品格，如慷慨、愛心、滿足、喜樂等，也會隨著人的貪財而消失。
Stocks and Money
Rev Gordon Siu
“For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.” (Luke 12:34)
A survey has found that in recent years, more and more Hong Kong people are entering the stock market. Students, housewives, employees, seniors, professional investors – some illiterate, some very learned, whether rich or poor and from every sector of the community, they are engaged in stock trading.
Can Christians trade equities? Yes, if the person who invests does so after praying and rational thinking and can properly take care of the money entrusted to him by God. That said, stock trading is full of risks. The investor needs to examine himself often to avoid falling prey to temptation.
Stock trading and other financial activities are characteristic of a capitalist society. They present a problem mainly because of man’s greed. The Old Testament Hebrew word for “money” came from a verb meaning “yearn for” or “woe from longing to accomplish something.” An endless pursuit of wealth or a ceaseless yearning for worldly gain produces an insatiable desire deep in the heart. This is greed. Greed always seeks excessive riches, even at the cost of health, family, relationships and moral principles. University students who deliberately defer payment of their tuition fees or use government loans to buy stocks have fallen prey to avarice.
The Bible exhorts against the “love of money” (Hebrews 13:5). When money is no longer a means to achieve good and meaningful goals but turns into an end in itself, it will be loved, elevated and deified. It can even control human life. The Lord Jesus seldom deifies things but concerning mammon (wealth), He said, “Ye cannot serve God and mammon” (Matthew 6:24,King James Version). The Bible has time and again equated greed with idolatry (Colossians 3:5; Ephesians 5:5). That is why the Bible says, “For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith…” (1 Timothy 6:10). A host of virtues such as generosity, love, satisfaction and joy are displaced by avarice.
Where God bestows a man with riches and allows him to make money through proper equity trading, it is a reason for gratitude. The Bible only tells those who are rich in this present world “not to be arrogant,” that is to say, not to think that “I” have the future in my hands or that “I” am confident about making a lot of money. Nor should man build his sense of security upon wealth, “which is so uncertain.” The Bible commands us “to be rich in good deeds.” Anyone who has lost money in stocks can feel at ease, knowing that wealth is intrinsically illusive. Moreover, richness is a relative thing – how much money does it take to make a person rich? And how much makes him poor? The Lord said, “…if we have food and clothing, we will be content with that” (1 Timothy 6:8). As long as a man is content, his heart will be filled with joy.