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二○一八年八月四日/八月五日                                                                                                Click here for English version

當瑞典女生遇上阿富汗尋求庇護者

陳劍雲牧師

一位瑞典女大學生在飛機起飛前堅持要在座位站著,叫飛機未能起飛,要空中服務員前來勸導她。原來女生的行動乃為促請當局不要將一個阿富汗尋求庇護者遣返,因為返回阿富汗,他必九死一生。女生自拍這個為尋求庇護者爭取不用被遣回國的過程,放在互聯網上。她敘述了採取這個「救援行動」的理由和依據,讓其他乘客知道,有人鼓掌支持她,但也有人鼓譟反對。

弟兄姊妹,在上面的故事中,如果你是當時飛機上的乘客,你對這個女生的行動會有何反應?反對的乘客斥責她浪費眾人的時間,當時女生回答說:「你只關心你的時間,這人的生命呢?」有乘客說:「我不在意你所說的事,你令飛機上的孩子受驚了!」然後這乘客就將手機搶去。感恩的是,空中服務員代她取回智能手機,而短片末段告訴我們,因這女生的行動,這名阿富汗尋求庇護者暫緩被遣返。

在遙遠的地方談關懷難民/尋求庇護者,與實際為他們的需要而犧牲自己的利益,可真是兩碼子的事。在「好撒馬利亞人」這故事中,祭司和利未人都沒有去幫助那個被盜賊打至垂死的人(路十 25-37)。可是,他們平日或許比你和我更和藹可親、樂於助人啊!他們為何不伸出援手?為免因該人死了而沾染不潔、不能事奉?是因害怕那垂死的人是盜賊裝假而設的陷阱?無論我們看祭司、利未人有理或無情,要作的抉擇都很清楚——我們看那垂死的人(或說該名尋求庇護者)的生死與自己有沒有關係?我們的愛是只掛在口邊的,還是付上代價的?這瑞典女生抵住眾人的壓力去爭取這名尋求庇護者留在瑞典,她的抉擇會否也是你的抉擇?

或許有基督徒不會認同這女生的行為——「為何不想一個更兩全其美的辦法?」「為何要破壞機上的和諧氣氛、嚇怕小孩?」「年少無知!國家做的事你懂甚麼?照顧難民/尋求庇護者容易麼?當中有恐怖分子的話,怎麼辦?」——當然,相信也有好些基督徒會欣賞這女生的作為,只是自己沒有這樣的勇氣。

弟兄姊妹,倫理抉擇往往是個「現編」(improvisation),需要我們當機立斷。毫無瑕疵和爭議是不可能的,關鍵是我們有否常作準備,並作事後檢討。「愛人如己」就是幫我們常作準備的金律。試想想,若需要幫助的是你,那些推遲幫助的理由還成立嗎?讓我們要按此金律學習抵抗罪惡,實踐「滿有憐憫的正義」(compassionate justice)。






Pastor's Sharing
When Swedish Female Student Meets Afghan asylum seeker
Rev Lawrence Chan

When a Swedish female student refused to sit down in a plane about to take off from Sweden, the pilot was stopped. She was protesting against the deportation of an Afghan asylum seeker from Sweden as it would most likely mean death for the asylum seeker. The protest action was captured on her mobile phone and streamed live online. A flight attendant intervened, trying to persuade and exhort her. The student explained to those around her why and on what basis she was taking a stand. There had been both applause and jeering from passengers during the incident.

Dear brothers and sisters, how would you have reacted were you onboard that plane? A passenger who opposed the action called it a waste of everybody's time, to which the student replied, "Your only concern is your time – but what about this man's life?" Another passenger said, "I'm not bothered by what you said and you are frightening the children!" Then the mobile phone was removed from the student. Thankfully, she finally got it back from a flight attendant. We are told at the end of the video that repatriation of the Afghan asylum seeker was suspended as a result of the protest action.

To talk about refugee/asylum seeker concern at a distance is entirely different from actually sacrificing one's interests to meet the needs of them. In the story of the Good Samaritan, neither the priest nor the Levite helped the man who was beaten half-dead by the robbers (Luke 10:25-37). But in ordinary days, the two of them might have seemed more friendly, cordial and helpful than you and me. Why did they refuse to help? Were they concerned about becoming impure and unable to serve God if the man died? Or were they afraid that it was all a trap in which the man was a robber in disguise? Whether we consider the priest and the Levite justified or uncaring, the choice before us is clear – are we concerned about the life or death of the dying man (in this case the asylum seeker)? Is our love mere talk or are we prepared to pay a price for it? The Swedish student resisted pressure from many in order to fight for the retention of the asylum seeker in Sweden. Would this be your choice?

Some Christians may not agree with the student's action. "Is there a better way to do this?" "Why upset all the people and frighten the children?" "Are you old enough to understand what your country is doing? Is accommodation of refugees/asylum seeker that simple? What if there are terrorists among them?" Certainly, I believe some other Christians would have sided with the student, but only lacked the courage to do so.

Dear brothers and sisters, ethical choices are often "improvisation" that require unplanned and prompt decisions as one goes along in real life situations. It is impossible to be flawless or completely free of controversy. The important thing is that we are always prepared and we evaluate. "Love your neighbor as yourself" is our golden rule for being always prepared. Supposing you are the person in need, will the reasons for deferring help still stand? Let us learn to resist evil according to this golden rule, and give reality to "compassionate justice."