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二○一九年五月十八日/五月十九日                                                                                         Click here for English version

從《團契生活》看團契生活

陳俊業牧師

在我初信主那段日子,我曾短暫地參與過混合年齡的小組,也經年累月地參與過每星期都是查經週的海外華人教會青年團契,我從中多少得到不同人生階段的生命借鏡,也體驗到在聖道中團契的理所當然。回港後,我所參與的團契聚會可謂多姿多采,因為背後有團契職員會努力籌劃週會,起初我不大懂得如何籌劃,於是便嘗試從前輩們所寫的書本中尋找出路。除了各式各樣的實用手冊之外,我也讀過其他有關團契的書籍,德國神學家潘霍華牧師的《團契生活》便是其一,但當時我卻覺得它好像是最「名不副實」的一本書。後來讀神學時,拜讀他的兩本論文:《聖徒相通》及《行動與存有》,才知道世上是有這樣思考深邃、卻又不易為人明白的人。

《團契生活》一書成於 1936 年 4 月至 1938 年 9 月,也即是希特拉在 1933 年上台之後。潘霍華完成這書時,他的神學院已被關閉了一年,《團契生活》正是對神學院幾年下來的共同生活所作的神學反省。書裡開宗明義指出:「基督徒群體(舊譯:信徒團契)意即透過耶穌基督並在耶穌基督裡的群體,所謂的基督徒群體,不多不少,正是這樣。無論是短暫的、一次性的或經年累月每日聚集的,都是這樣。我們惟獨透過耶穌基督,也是在耶穌基督裡面,才彼此相屬。」具體來說,我們要藉崇拜中的聖禮及聖經教導,來建立信仰群體(鄧紹光:《牧者潘霍華》頁 131-134)。如此看來,《團契生活》所描繪的,是基督徒廣義的教會群體生活,而非狹義的小組/團契生活。

我們活在一個好像多姿多采、卻又支離破碎的世界裡,有時連教會生活也好像成了自由選購的貨品:A 教會的崇拜、B 教會的小組/團契、C 教會的主日學,但其實我們彼此相屬的關係建立,是在於一起參與聖禮及學習聖經,接著從教會崇拜這個大群體中,分散進入小組/團契的小群體中,再分散進入不同的社群中。這才是基督徒群體在耶穌基督裡面彼此相屬關係的建立,也即是說,我們要去完成「明道行道、守望相愛、見證宣教」這個在主內環環緊扣的付託。






Pastor's Sharing
From Life Together to Living in Fellowship
Rev Aaron Chan

During the early days of my conversion, I attended a small group participated by believers of various ages. Then, for many years, I attended youth fellowship of an overseas Chinese church in which every weekly gathering was devoted to Bible study. They were all helpful for my learning in different stages of life. Fellowship in the truth was a common practice. On return to Hong Kong, the fellowship I attended featured a variety of meetings organized by the respective fellowship committee. I was not familiar with planning at first, so I looked up a number of books and handbooks including one by German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer. That book was Life Together, but I thought then that it was not really about fellowship life. Later in theological seminary, I read two other works by Bonhoeffer. One of them was about Christian community, Sanctorum Communio, and the other one was Act and Being. His thoughts are profound and indeed not easy to understand.

Bonhoeffer wrote Life Together between April 1936 and September 1938. That was after Hitler came to power in 1933. His theological seminary had been closed for one year when the book was completed. Life Together collected the author's theological reflections on the last years of life together at the seminary. Bonhoeffer says: "Christianity means community through Jesus Christ and in Jesus Christ. No Christian community is more or less than this. Whether it be a brief, single encounter or the daily fellowship of years, Christian community is only this. We belong to one another only through and in Jesus Christ" (Life Together, Chapter 1). Specifically, the Christian community is built through sacrament in worship and the teaching of the Word. Life Together is therefore more about Christian community living in fellowship with other Christians instead of the narrow definition of fellowship in small groups.

In the colorful but broken world where we live, church life may seem like a commodity for free selection. People can choose the worship service of Church A, the small group/fellowship of Church B, and the Sunday School of Church C. Nevertheless, what we really need is to build a mutually belonging relationship by spending moments with other believers in communion and Bible study and taking the relationship from church worship to small groups and fellowships, and on to various communities. That is how a mutually belonging relationship in Christ is built in Christian community. In fellowship with others, we will learn the Word of God and put it into practice, watch over one another in love, bear testimony and spread the gospel – all of which God has entrusted us to do.